OSHA TRAINING LEVELS ON HOW TO DEAL WIT HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS
It is important to note that the spill of hazardous materials and chemicals can just happen anywhere. Even if there is only a small chance that it could occur in your facility, your employees should be trained on what to do in a hazardous spill situation. In case of an hazardous waste spill, there are five main people who are most likely to be affected and that is why OSHA offers five levels of training for these individuals.
Awareness for first responder.
This level involves everyone who enters a facility including personal who don’t usually deal with chemicals including office personal. These employees need four hours of training and they learn the basics about the chemicals in the facility and their risks. The employees are taught how to identify an emergency and who to contact. Basically, the employees are taught how to detect emergency and who to get in touch with quickly.
First Responder Operations
the first responder of operations is responsible for keeping unauthorized people away from the spills as well as preventing it from spreading. The employees at this level are required to take 8 hours of training. Here the training is more advanced as they are taught about risk assessment as well as the terms used to refer hazardous materials. The employees are also taught simple ways of containing a spill as well as various types of personal protective equipments.
Third level training for technicians handling hazardous materials.
These employees actually enter the spill area and stop spilled material from spreading. The amount of hours required to train this staff also increases in that it is 24 hours. In this level of training, the techniques for assessing risk are taught further deeper as well as chemical and toxicological hazards. Decontamination procedures, control techniques for spills as well as ways of identifying plug leaks are taught about at this level of training.
Training the specialist.
the training done in this level is given to the specialist in this field on how to handle hazardous materials and how to communicate this with the relevant authorities. They receive 24 hours of class training including detailed training on chemical, radiological and toxicological hazards. This training delves further to discussing the various decontamination procedures and which is appropriate and for which situation as well as how to perform the procedures not forgetting the various personal protective equipment for various situation.
The commander training
This individuals are in charge of all the cleanups that happen after a spill and as a result the receive the highest level of training. Despite the fact that the amount of time required to do the training may vary from institution to institution, the minimum number of hours required is 24 hours. They need to have intimate knowledge of state and local regulations and know how to implement the facilities emergency response plan. Incident commander is also required to be an expert in medical risks and decontamination.